Important species of birds

Let me introduce you the criteria species of birds living on the territory of NNR – Paris Marshes. Thanks to their presence at our territory was our territory added to the list of NATURA 2000 on 1st February 2008.

European Bee-eater

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Merops apiasterfoto: Petr Tomáš

Merops apiaster

  • Nests throughout the whole territory of southern Slovakia
  • Number of nesting pairs: 700 – 1300
  • Nets near the Paris Marshes
  • Nests in perpendicular sandstone, loess and silt walls
  • Hunts different insects, mostly dragonflies
     

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Great white egrets

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Egreta alba (Ardea alba)foto: Martin Šabík

Egreta alba

  • Lays 2-7 eggs which hatch within 25-28 days
  • Young leave nests after 6 weeks
  • Eats: fishes, frogs, newts, rodents even reptiles /lizards, snakes/
  • Builds nests in colonies, hunts on flooded meadows, but also on dry fields
     
 
 

Moustached Warbler

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Trsteniarik tamariškovýfoto: Stanislav Harvančík

Acrocephalus melanopogon

  • Food: aquatic insect, its larva and mosquitoes
  • Nests twice a year
  • Lays 3 – 6 eggs, which hatch within 13 – 15 days
  • Extremely rare nest builder in Slovakia
  • Nesting places found only in this locality
  • Number of nesting pairs: 10 – 20
     

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Greylag Goose

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Anse anserfoto: Jozef Lengyel

Anser anser

  • It is the ancestor of domestic geese
  • Life expectancy: 15 – 20 years
  • It is a likely nest builder
  • Noticed 1 – 2 pairs in nesting period
  • It sporadically appears in the locality in the end of winter and in spring
     

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Little Bittern

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Ixobrychus minutusfoto: Stanislav Harvančík

Ixobrychus minutus

  • Nests irregularly, up to 3 pairs
  • Builds nests in reed, once a year lays 5-7 eggs which hatch within 17-19 days
  • Young leave nests within 25-30 days
  • Lives in bushy reed, marshes, banks of water with hidden lives
  • Eats frogs, fishes, arthropods
     

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Western Marsh Harrier

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Circus aeruginosusfoto: Jozef Lengyel

Circus aeruginosus

  • Typical bird of prey, builds nests in reed
  • Lays 4-5eggs which hatch within 31-32 days
  • Eats: rodents, fish, water birds
  • Builds nests regularly
  • Approximately 15-25 pairs nest in NNR
     

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Little Crake

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Porzana parvafoto: Martin Šabík

Porzana parva

  • The bottom part of a male bird is blue-greyish; his upper part is brown with black-brownish stripes.
  • The bottom part of females and young birds is beige.
  • Food: small invertebrates and green parts of plants.
  • Nesting place: deeper water
  • Nests regularly every year
  • Number of nesting pairs: 15 – 25
     

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Garganey

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Kačica chrapľaváFoto: Jozef Lengyel

Glossary Link Anas Querquedula

• Nests on a ground
• Lays 8 – 11 eggs, hatch within 21 – 23 days
• Nestlings are self-sufficient within 6 weeks
• It is the smallest European duck
• Protected during the whole year in Slovakia
• Number of nesting pairs: 1 – 5
• Regular nest builder and migrant species
 

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